THE NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
Volume 11, No. 1, (2013)
Health Sector Reform Agenda in an Insecure Nigerian State: Issues, Problems and Prospects
Ignatius Uche Nwankwo, Nneka Ihuoma Okofor & Adaeze Olisa
Department of Sociology/Anthropology Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Anambra State, Nigeria
The Nigerian state is confronted with several health challenges such as high morbidity rate arising from prevalence of communicable diseases, improper disposal of solid wastes and other forms of environmental pollution, inadequately distributed and poorly equipped health institutions among others. In response to these challenges, government has instituted health sector reform as a key strategy to ameliorate the problems. In view of the worrisome security challenges that the country presently faces such as the Boko Haram insurgence, kidnapping, politically and economically motivated assassinations among others there are apprehensions on whether health reforms will ever succeed. This paper examines the link between health and insecurity with reference to how Nigeria’s pursuit of health reform agenda is affected by rising state of insecurity of lives and properties in the country. It was strongly emphasized that economic empowerment through employment and microfinance initiatives, as well as aggressive public enlightenment will reduce tendencies towards insecurity.
Keywords: health, insecurity, health reform, health security, national health insurance scheme