THE NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
Volume 10, No. 1, (2012)
Information Communication Technologies’ Time-Space Distanciation and Crime in Lagos
A.S. Oyenuga, B.A. Odunaike & M.F. Olaitan
Department of Sociology Faculty of Social Sciences Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos
Crime is an integral part of every society. To a very large extent, it affects adequate functioning of the society. Over millennia, as the society has evolved, the patterns of perpetrating crime have also evolved. With globalisation and its inherent dependence on Information Communication Technologies (ICTs), new waves of crimes have swept the entire global community. Through time-space distanciation, these technologies have, on one hand, enhanced the traditional crimes and, on the other hand, created new waves of crimes. This study examines the effects of the coverage of ICTs on the perpetration of crime from and in Lagos and societal perception of those involved in cybercrimes. This study adopts the qualitative method of data collection. Four areas in Lagos were randomly selected based on their differential level of development and varying access to the digital world, and four focus group discussion sessions were held. Four case studies of those involved in cybercrimes were also conducted in each area. Content analysis was used for the analysis of data and ethnographic summaries were used to buttress the main themes of the findings that were deduced from the content analysis. The study found that the coverage of ICTs has positive effect on the existence of new waves of crime in Lagos. The farther a settlement is from the core and industrial part of Lagos, the lower the prevalence of these new waves of crime. Since all settlements in Lagos are woven into the wool of social interaction, these new waves of crime inevitably grow.
Keywords: globalisation, internet, cybercrime, poverty, Lagos