THE NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
Volume 11, No. 2, (2013)
Domestic Debris Management and Community Health Security in Ibadan, Nigeria
Blessing Nonye Onyima
Department of Sociology and Anthropology Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
Differential domestic debris management has implications on health security in cities.Within the last four decades, Ibadan has retained the identity of a dirt city. The Ogunpa water channel constructed after the devastating flood of the 1980s remains attractive for domestic wastes disposal. This multi-site comparative ethnographic study employed qualitative anthropological methods as data collection tools, using rational choice model as an explanatory framework to unravel covert factors responsible for the protracted dirtiness identity. Ethnographic data reflect disparity in private and public waste management efforts across high, middle and low income residential areas. Persistent poor wastes management due to rational choices, poor urban policy and lack of proper public environmental health education, resulting in unwholesome health problems in Ibadan, render the attainment of community health security a mirage. As such, the study recommends among other things, a more balanced waste management execution policy across board in cities.
Keywords: rational choice, domestic debris, health risk, health inequality, community health security