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THE NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
ISSN: 0331-4111
Volume 12, No. 1,  (2014)

DOI: 10.36108/NJSA/4102/12(0161)

Social Support and the Welfare of Older Adults in Conflict Situations in Nigeria
Theresa Uchechi Ejikeme1,  Gray Goziem Ejikeme2, Fatai Adesina Badru3 & Francis B.A. Akwash4
1Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Jos, Nigeria
2Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Jos
3Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lagos
4Department of Psychology, Nasarawa State University, Nasarawa

Abstract
This study is a desk review of the social support and welfare of older adults in conflict situations with respect to the situations in the USA and Nigeria. It indicates that there are numerous facilities for meeting the counselling and psychological needs of older persons in all situations in America contrary to the situation in Nigeria. The elderly among victims of severely traumatic and stressful events such as religious and ethnic conflicts in Nigeria have various psychosocial, economic, financial, material, and counselling needs. The stress-coping strategies of the elderly conflict victims involve drinking and alcohol abuse. There is the scarcity of professional counsellors, social gerontologists, psychologists, social workers and other human service providers that can assist them cope effectively with the stress of conflict situations. The paper concludes that the services of counsellors, social gerontologists, social workers, and psychologists are imperative for older adults to cope successfully with stressful challenges without resorting to abuse of drugs and exacerbating their age-related problems. It therefore suggests how human service providers can respond effectively to the psychosocial needs of older adults in conflict situations in the country.
Keywords: social support, psychosocial needs, traumatic life events, conflict situation, older adults

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