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THE NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
ISSN: 0331-4111
Volume 13, No. 2,  (2015)

DOI: 10.36108/NJSA/5102/13(0230)

The Role of Christian Religious Organisations in Community Development Programmes in Cross River State, Nigeria
Aniefiok S. Ukommi1*, Udensi, Lawrence Okoronkwo1 & Otu A. Ekpenyong2
1Department of Sociology and Anthropology Faculty of Social Sciences University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
2Department of Sociology Faculty of Social Sciences University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: annieukommi@gmail.com

Abstract
This paper investigated rural-urban differentials in the role of Christian religious organisations in Community Development Programmes (CDPs) in Cross River State. Adopting the survey method, 150 churches were selected from 6 Local government Areas, comprising 3 urban and 3 rural communities across the 3 senatorial districts of Cross River State. Questionnaire was used to generate primary data, and descriptive statistics was employed for data analysis. Using the exchange theory as the basic framework for analysis, the study found that more rural than urban churches do not have autonomy, thus could serve as a hindrance to initiating and implementing CDPs in the study area. Result also shows that membership taxonomy of the church could hinder the goal of CDPs in terms of members’ financing and participation in CDPs in the area. The church has the capacity to promote sustainable livelihood, guaranty social order, spur development, enhance the social functioning of individuals, serve as agent of change, and bring about increased organized commitment and participation in community development activities. It is recommended that the local church should see community development programmes as part and parcel of their ministry.
Keywords: rural-urban differentials, Christian religious organisations, church autonomy, development programmes

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