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THE NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
ISSN: 0331-4111
Volume 13, No. 2,  (2015)

DOI: 10.36108/NJSA/5102/13(0250)

Household Strategies for Coping with the Financial Costs of Health Care in Edo State, Nigeria
Stanley A. Garuba1* & Bernard E. Owumi2
1 Catholic Relief Services Abuja, Nigeria
2 Department of Sociology Faculty of the Social Sciences University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Corresponding Author: stanleygaruba@yahoo.com

Abstract
The cross-sectional survey design was used in the study to elicit data in Edo State, Nigeria to assess the strategies employed by households to cope with the financial costs of healthcare. Questionnaire data were collected from 508 household respondents in three randomly-selected Local Government Areas of the state including Esan-west, Etsako-west and Egor. Twelve Focus Group Discussions complemented survey data. The main strategies to cope with the financial costs of health care were mobilization of cash and savings (40.5%), and sale of produce and assets (16.0%). Level of income was a significant factors affecting the ability to mobilize cash and savings to cope with the financial costs of health care (X2 = 31.787, 4df, p<0.05, critical value = 9.49). Diversion of money intended for food, education, and clothes to cope with the financial costs of health care was common, relatively, to respondents with low income level (X2 = 13.050, 4df, p<0.05, critical value = 9.94). The findings of the study indicate that urban households have the ability to cope with the financial costs of health care, than rural households. It is therefore imperative that government should not only make healthcare facilities available but should also alleviate poverty in society to enable people defray the cost of healthcare with minimal effort.
Keywords: financial costs, health care, coping strategies, household, Edo state

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