THE NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
Volume 6, No. 1, 2008
Globalization and the Future of Sociology in the Third World: A Critical Commentary
Israel Dantata Sule
Department of Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Beginning from the 1980s, the concept of globalisation began to permeate the sociological literature. This intellectual interest was stimulated by a concern to understand the nature of changes that were taking place in advanced capitalist societies and Third World countries. The seemingly homogenous atmosphere it created across the globe made certain sociologists, such as Archer, Heller and Sztompka, just to mention a few, opined that every major aspect of social reality is also simultaneously undergoing globalisation via the emergence of a world economy, a cosmopolitan culture and international social movements. Hence, they concluded that the globalisation of society means that societies were no longer the prime units of Sociology and that what is to replace this focus on societies is a ‘Sociology of one World’ in which global processes are now constitutive of social reality everywhere. They equally asserted that sociologists can no longer continue to think, theorise and carry out research as they once did. Thus, this paper highlights and critically comments on this position and how it is likely to impact on the sociological enterprise in the Third World. The paper concludes on the note that the Sociological enterprise in the Third World must be carried out to meet needs that are localised and indigenous.
Keywords: globalisation, universal sociology, neo-liberal, single world society